Skin Problems – Pigmentation
Common cause of pigmentation is an excess production of melanin. Melanin is a pigment that gives skin its colour. It is produced by skin cells, called melanocytes. It can :
1) occur in small patches
2) cover large areas
3) affect the entire body
1) sun damage
2) certain medications
3) pregnancy hormones
4) endocrine diseases
6) insulin resistance
7) skin irritation
· Avoid exposure to the sun. Use sunscreen with SPF 50 to protect the skin and stop hyperpigmentation from becoming darker.
· Avoid picking at the skin. To prevent hyperpigmentation from forming after an injury, avoid picking at spots, scabs, and acne.
· Topical creams such as azelaic acid, corticosteroids, hydroquinone, kojic acid, retinoids, and vitamin C.
· Cosmetic procedures including laser therapy, intense pulsed light, chemical peels, and microdermabrasion.
People who are considering undergoing one of these procedures should discuss the process and possible side effects with a skincare specialist or dermatologist.